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A Glossary of Photoshop Terms - "S"

written by: Joli Ballew•edited by: Daniel P. McGoldrick•updated: 10/20/2009

Photoshop terms that begin with the letter S. Find out about sample size, scale, screen button, and more.

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    Sample size: The Eyedropper can be used to take a sample of a color for multiple uses, including choosing a foreground color, using the Healing Brush, and using the Background Eraser. The sample size of the Eye­dropper can be changed from the sample size window. It is usually best to keep the sample size small. You can choose from point sample, 3 by 3 average, or 5 by 5 average.

    Scale: A Transform tool that allows you to enlarge or reduce an image’s size horizontally, vertically, or both.

    Scaled Print Size: Scale determines how large or small the image should be printed in relation to the actual size of the image itself. A choice of 100 percent, the default, prints the page as you see it using its actual size.

    Screen button: Use the Screen button when printing to set screen frequency, angle, and dot shape for each of the ink colors (CMYK) in the process print.

    Screens: When screen printing images onto fabric, you use screens to physically transfer the ink onto the shirts and other materials. These screens are created from printouts that you print from your PostScript printer. These printouts can be created on vellum, film, or similar paper.

    Selective Color: A powerful command that allows you to work with and adjust colors independently of one another.

    Shape tools: Shape tools include rectangle, rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon, line, and custom shapes. Shape tools are used by graphic artists for creating logos, setting type boundaries, creating custom artwork, creating trademarks, and more. Shapes are vector images too, meaning they can be resized without distortion. Photoshop comes with many custom shapes, including animals, check marks, hands, feet, puzzle pieces, pens and pencils, phones, international symbols, and more.

    Sharpen tool: Sharpens an area of the image using any brush that you choose.

    Show Bounding Box: Available from the options bar when you choose the Move tool or the Path Selection tool. Checking this box allows you to see the bounding box that surrounds a selected object, which in turn makes it easier to move, resize, and rotate a selection.