Computing Glossary for the Letters V, W & Z – Hardware and Networking Terms Explained

The Letter V

VGA – Video Graphics Array

A type of PC video display technology and adapter that supports text and graphics. VGA output is analog with a refresh rate of 31.5 KHz. VGA can also refer to any adapter of display capable of 640×480 resolution.

Virtual Disk

A RAM disk in which a section of system memory is set aside to hold data, as though it were a number of disk sectors. Sometimes used for bootable operating systems and applications to function.

Virtual Memory

Refers to the use of a space on a hard disk or other mass storage device as if it were RAM, typically utilized when RAM has been used to capacity, and extra space is needed. Excessive use of virtual memory can lead to a condition called disk thrashing which will quickly destroy a hard drive.

Virus

A type of resident program designed to self-replicate. Normally destructive to the operation of a computers software, or, designed to harvest private information from the user.

Voltage Regulator

A device that smooths out voltage irregularities in the power fed to the computer, to prevent damage to the power supply or other components.

VPN – Virtual Private Network

A network that is operated within a public network, but maintains privacy by using access control and encryption.

The Letter W

Warm Boot

Rebooting the system by using a software command rather than turning the power off, then on. The system is reset but power is never interrupted.

Wide Area Network

A LAN that extends beyond the boundaries of a single physical location or building.

World Wide Web

A graphical information system based on hypertext that enables a user to easily access documents located on the Internet.

Write Protect

Prevents a disk from being overwritten by covering a notch, or repositioning a switch, depending on the type of media.

The Letter Z

ZIF – Zero Insertion Force

Sockets that require no physical force to be used in order to insert the chip. Primarily used with modern CPUs.

Zip Drive

An external drive that supports 100MB magnetic media on a 3.5 inch removable drive.

This post is part of the series: Computer and Network Hardware Glossary of Common Terms

Complete glossary of terms and definitions for common computer and network hardware. Learn the meanings of things relevant to your life as a computer user or professional.
  1. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms: Numbers and Symbols
  2. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter A
  3. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter B
  4. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter C
  5. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter D
  6. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters E & F
  7. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters G & H
  8. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter I
  9. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters J, K, and L
  10. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter M
  11. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters N & O
  12. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter P
  13. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters Q & R
  14. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letter S
  15. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters T & U
  16. Glossary of Computer Hardware Terms – The Letters V, W, & Z