A Little Background
- Gets information about the CD and its tracks from Gracenote (formerly CDDB), an online repository of CD information.
- Converts the tracks on the CD to digital format.
- Encodes the digital files to MP3, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, or FACC formats.
Throughout the ripping process, ripit will ask you for input. You can either accept the script’s defaults or enter the information that you want.
First, you’ll need to download the archive that contains the script. Then, extract the file ripit.pl from the archive and copy it to a directory in your path. I put it in the directory /usr/local/bin.
To use ripit, you need Perl (which is usually installed with Linux), an encoder like LAME, a piece of free software for creating MP3 files, and a utility called cdparanoia. You’ll also need a Perl module called CDDB_get which is used for getting information from, and posting to, Gracenote.
Using the Script
Put a CD in your CD-ROM drive, open a terminal window, and type ripit.pl at the command line. The script will walk you through the CD ripping process and then rip all of the tracks on the CD.
Of course, you might want to exercise a little more control over the way in which ripit does its job. That’s where the script’s options come in.
Taking Advantage of the Options
ripit has a large number of options. You can get a full listing of the script’s options by typing ripit -h at the command line. You’ll find though, that you’ll use fewer than 10 of them. Here is one of the more useful ones:
The --outputdir option specifies the folder into which your MP3 files will be written.
Taking Advantage of the Options, Continued
By default, ripit generates a playlist file (with the extension .m3u) in the folder along with your MP3 files. I’ve never found that file to be very much use; your mileage may vary. If you don’t want the file, specify --noplaylist to make sure that it’s not created.
If you’re working on a computer without Internet access, or want to enter the tag information yourself, then you can use the --nosubmission option. The information about the CD is written to a file called cddb.toc on your hard drive.
Each format that ripit supports requires a separate piece of software (called an encoder) to create files. If you only have one encoder installed on your system, then ripit will use it. If you have encoders for all of the supported formats, then ripit will default to using LAME (for creating MP3 files). However, you can use the -c option to specify the encoder that you want to use. You include one of the following numbers with the -c option: 0 (LAME), 1 (Ogg Vorbis), 2 (FLAC), 3 (FAAC).
To rip particular tracks on a CD, type a comma-separated list of the track numbers. So, if you only want tracks 2, 4, and 7 type ripit 2,4,7.
Putting It All Together
So, how do all of these options fit together? Like this:
ripit -c 1 –outputdir /home/username/music –nosubmission 2,3,4,6,9
That set of options writes Ogg Vorbis files to the folder /music in your home folder. Only tracks 2, 3, 4, 6 and 9 will be ripped and I’ll enter information about the tracks at the command line.
ripit is a great alternative to the GUI CD ripping applications available for Linux. It does take some work to get the software that the script interacts with set up. But once that’s out of the way, you’ll find that using ripit to rip your CDs is quick and painless.
Images and References
This post is part of the series: Essential Linux Utilities
Looking at the best Linux Utilities for the command prompt and GUI.