Crick and Watson may well be the names that trip off the tongue when most people are asked to identify pioneering geneticists. But behind these two scientific giants is a crowd of equally brilliant researchers whose major contributions to the field have transformed our relationship with nature.
Famous Geneticists & Scientists
From Gregor Mendal’s experiments with plant inheritance, to current groundbreaking scientists, learn about world famous geneticists and their important work.
This article highlights the achievements, both research and organizational of D. Bernard Amos (1923-2003), a distinguished scientist whose work greatly improved our understanding of the genetics of individuality and how this could be exploited for medical benefit.
This article profiles Herbert Boyer, co-creator of the world’s first genetically engineered organism and co-founder of biotech giant Genentech, Inc.
Born on 2 October 1933 to affluent and supportive parents, John Gurdon was interested in biological things from an early age. He studied the Classics at Eton and then went on to study embryology at Oxford. He’s most famous for his landmark research into nuclear transplantation and cloning.
Hans Spemann’s work in embryology led to many advances in developmental biology. He’s a key figure in the history of genetics and embryology.
Hans Spemann is widely considered the ‘Father of Cloning’. His experiments in embryology helped pave the way towards modern advances in developmental biology.
Craig Venter is arguably one of the most famous scientists in genetics research. He was involved in the race to map the human genome and some people refer to him as the ‘Bill Gates’ of biotechnology.
The history of genetics has been created by many brilliant scientists. However, all the attention goes to only a few big names such as Crick and Watson. Oswald Avery is one of the unsung heroes of genetics, and it was his work in 1944 that concluded that DNA transmitted hereditary information.
How did the discovery of the structure of DNA come about, and what steps led to this discovery?
Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), who focused on maize genetics, studied the transposition of genes on chromosomes during breeding. McClintock won awards throughout her career, culminating in the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Her insights were decades ahead of many of her contempories.
One of the world’s most famous geneticists, Francis Crick was the joint winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1962 for his work on revealing the structure of DNA. It was a discovery that changed humanity’s view of itself and of the natural world.