Our Nearest Galaxies
1. Canis Major Darf Galaxy: Discovered in 2003, now our closest galaxy, a dwarf irregular galaxy, and an accretion of the Milky Way; it is approximately 42,000 light years (ly) away from the center of the Milky Way, and is being pulled apart by the gravity of the Milky Way. As it is being pulled apart it is leaving a 200,000 ly long trail of stars and debris called the Monoceros Ring, which wraps three times around the Milky Way.
2. Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG): Currently approximately 70,000 light years from us; also an accretion of the Milky Way, and an elliptical galaxy, satellite of the Milky Way.
3. Large Magellanic Cloud: Approximately 160,000 light years from the Milky Way. It is the fourth largest local galaxy, and generally considered to be an irregular galaxy, though it dose retain a prominent bar at its center suggesting that it may at one time have been a spiral galaxy.
4. Bootes Dwarf Galaxy: A satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, approximately 197,000 light years from the Milky Way.
5. Small Magellanic Cloud: About 200,000 ly from us, and one of the most distant galaxies visible to the naked human eye; a dwarf galaxy, at one time thought to be a barred spiral galaxy, it is now somewhat irregular.
6. Ursa Minor Galaxy: Satellite of the Milky Way, a dwarf elliptical galaxy, about 206,000 ly from us, and it appears that there is little to no star formation taking place; the galaxy is mostly filled with old stars.
7. Draco Dwarf: A spheriodal galaxy about 260,000 ly from us.
8. Sextans Dwarf Spheriodal: Receding from the Milky Way, a dwarf spheroidal galaxy, approximately 280,000 ly away..
9. Sculptor Dwarf: Approximately 290,000 ly from our solar system, a dwarf spheroidal galaxy; another satellite of the Milky Way. Contains only 4 percent of the carbon and other heavy elements in our galaxy, making it resemble other primitive galaxies near the edge of the universe.
10. Ursa Major I Dwarf: A spheriodal galaxy, satellite of the Milky Way, about 330,000 ly from us.
11. Carina Dwarf: Is a satellite dwarf galaxy of the Milky Way and is receding from the Milky Way, currently about 330,000 ly from us.
12. Fornax Dwarf: An elliptical dwarf galaxy receding from the Milky Way, about 460,000 ly from us currently.
13. Leo II Dwarf Galaxy (or Leo B): About 690,000 ly away, a spheroidal galaxy, full of mostly metal-poor older stars, satellite of the Milky Way.
14. Leo I Dwarf Galaxy: A dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 820,000 ly from us, thought to be one of the most distant satellite galaxies of the Milky Way.
15. Phoenix Dwarf: A dwarf, irregular galaxy, satellite of the Milky Way, about 1,300,000 ly from us.