Because the lacrimal bone is very small and fragile, it can become fractured easily. Trauma to the face is the most common cause of fracture. When this skull bone is fractured, doctors may choose surgery to stabilize the fracture so that it heals properly or they may take a wait and see approach if the fracture is not causing any complications.
Orbit inflammation can affect this bone. The orbit is also referred to as the eye socket. When this is inflamed, patients can experience pain, eyeball redness, double vision, eyelid redness, eye bulging, and vision loss. Corticosteroids, administered orally or intravenously, are the most common mode of treatment.
Orbit infections can affect all eye structures, including the lacrimal bone. These infections affect children most often, but adults can experience them as well. Patients with this infection can experience swelling, impaired eye movements, pain, impaired vision, and red eye. Treating these infections involves being admitted into the hospital and receiving antibiotics intravenously.
Bone cancer can affect this bone, though it rarely does. If bone cancer begins in this facial bone the patient may experience bone pain, unintentional weight loss, tenderness around the eyes, weakened bones that may result in fractures, swelling around the eye, and fatigue. Treating bone cancer most often involves chemotherapy and radiation, but in some cases, doctors may use surgery to remove the tumor, especially if it is causing trouble with tears, crying, and sinuses.