Types of Ultralight Aircraft
1) Hang Glider 2) Para Glider 3) Powered Glider 4) Para Sailing/Parachuting 5) Powered Parachute.
1) Hang Glider:
This is the simplest ultra light aircraft with no electric motor. Wings of the glider are made of tough sheets of aluminum with a combination of mylar. The flight mechanism is controlled by pilot weight with respect to the glider. The lower body of the pilot is completely prone to airspace, like a person hanging with something. The pilot changes the center of gravity of the glider and thus it moves the aircraft in different directions with control speed. The flight of a hang glider is similar to the flight of a bird. The flight duration is up to 3 hours. One of the main draw back of a hang glider is that it cannot be easily transported because of rigid wings.
In paragliding the pilot body is not prone to airspace, but is in a sitting position on a chair. Paragliders works on air pressure. Its weight is around about 30 pounds and can be folded up easily for transportation. A paraglider flies relatively slower than a hang glider because the latter has simple aerodynamics. Paragliders can be easily flown by anyone as compared to a hang glider. One cannot stop a hang glider quickly, but a paraglider can be.
3) Powered Glider
It is like a simple glider with an electric motor of an aircraft. The direction and speed of the glider is controlled by an electric motor, with contrast to a simple glider in which flight is controlled by air currents.
4) Para sailing / Parachuting:
Para sailing is done on a beach. A person is tied to a boat and is dragged over the surface of the sea. Parachuting is used for free fall motion from aircraft.
5) Powered Parachute
Powered Parachute is a motorized parachute with wheels. Powered parachutes can fly at altitudes of 6 kilometers, but they normally fly in range of 15-500 meters with maximum flight time of 33 hours. They have a fuel backup of 5-1000 gallons.