Modern day telecommuting, however, received a fillip to counter the effects of the OPEC oil embargo of the late 1970s. In 1979, Frank Schiff, Vice President of the Committee for Economic Development coined the term “flexiplace" and published his article “Working at Home Can Save Gasoline." Many federal agencies such as the GSA, Air Force, EPA, Army, Department of Labor, and others started experimenting with flexiwork, and these experiments later culminated in the President’s Council on Management Improvement commissioning a government-wide telework pilot project for federal agencies in 1989.
In 1985, Patrika Mokhtarian, transportation planner of the Southern California Association of Governments established a telecommuting task force in the City of Los Angeles. In 1987, this evolved into the Telecommuting Advisory Council, and later became the precursor to the International Telework Association and Council (ITAC).
During this time, Europe witnessed a mushrooming of telecenters, or neighborhood hubs with reliable communication facilities from where employees could connect to their office. The California Department of Transportation and US Federal Highway Association followed along and funded the Neighborhood Telecenter project in 1992 to establish 15 telecenters in California. Further developments in technology that made computers and Internet access affordable, simple, and easily available in individual homes, however, made such telecenters obsolete, and they have since declined in popularity.