Introduction to Servant Leadership Theory
Servant Leadership is a leadership philosophy first espoused by Robert Greenleaf in his 1970 essay, “The Servant as Leader." He states that servant leaders are servants first and leaders later. Such people have a natural inclination to serve, and such a conscious choice makes them aspire to lead. This is in sharp contrast to the traditional leaders who aspire to lead to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possessions
Many management writers such as Ken Blanchard, Stephen Covey, Peter Senge, and others have since then reinforced the Servant Leadership Theory.
The ten major characteristics of Servant Leadership are: listening, empathy, healing relationships, awareness, persuasion, conceptualization, foresight, stewardship, commitment to human resource development, and commitment to building community.
For details on other methods of leadership, please see Bright Hub's series of articles on various leadership styles.