Impact of Job Stress
Stress in the workplace is a public health issue. The APA statistics on job related stress estimates 43 percent of US adults suffering from adverse health effects from stress and the US. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates "neurotic reaction to stress" as the fourth disabling workplace injury.
Research suggests that the impact of job stress extends to workplace injury, depression, dietary disorders, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, psychological disorders, impaired immunity functions, ulcers, and even suicide.
A 2000 Integra Survey reveals:
- sixty-five percent of workers suffering from difficulties due to workplace stress, with ten percent suffering from major effects due to such difficulties
- sixty-two percent of workers suffer from routine work-related neck pain, 44 percent of workers suffer from stressed-out eyes, thirty-eight percent of workers had pain in their hands, and thirty-four percent of workers having difficulty sleeping because of work-related stress.
- nearly twenty-five percent of workers crying at least once over workplace stress
- nineteen percent of workers quitting a job, unable to manage work related stress. An average of forty percent of employee turnover is due to job stress.
- twenty-nine percent of workers having yelled at co-workers because of job stress, and two percent of workers having actually struck someone at work
The U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health reports stress related disorders as the most prevalent reason for worker disability, with an estimated twenty-five percent of the workforce taking a day off from work due to stress. The Bureau of Labor statistics estimate the median absence from such stress induced absence at 23 days, four times the level of all nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses. The average direct cost of absenteeism is $3,550 per employee per year
The U.K. Labor Force Survey estimates 415,000 individuals in Britain experiencing work-related stress at a level that was making them ill.
The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) holds that while exposure to stressful working conditions can have a direct influence on worker safety and health working conditions, individual and other situational factors such as a healthy work-life balance, a support net of friends and family, and a relaxed and positive outlook can reduce stress.