Geographers study the features of the land, natural phenomena, and the inhabitants who occupy the land. Cultural geographers analyze the spatial implications of human activities, such as economic activities, social characteristics, and political organization. They study the relationship of geography to political phenomena, the relationship between distribution of resources and economic activities, the link between the land and cultural activities, and a host of other such associations.
Besides a good knowledge of human society, geographers need expertise in using scientific tools and processes. For example, cultural geographers use Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and remote sensing to establish patterns, or track information, including knowledge of mapping techniques to publish social maps.
The major employers of geographers are the government, universities, and non-profit organizations.