During the 1700's, Cambridge University Press' great Classics scholar Richard Porsons created a clean and easy-to-read typeface. The print was founded on his beautiful and neat handwriting. The typeface grew immediately popular when completed in 1808 -- it is still preferred in the majority of Oxford Classical Texts today. Greece even used the typography around a century later under the name Pelasgika, but the revised typeface substituted Porson's upright capitals with inclined ones.
In the same era, late 18th century neoclassical ideals influenced French typographer F. Didot. He created a new Greek typeface in 1805 used by the leading scholar of the Greek Enlightenment, Adamantios Korai. This typeface made it to Greece during the 1821 Greek Revolution. No other typeface of the time could compete. It remained without rivalry as the typography of choice until the end of the 20th century.
In the mid-19th century, Greek typography introduced an italic font -- Greek inclined 9 & 12 pt -- with many calligraphic overtones. Though the italic font's original source is not known, German and Italian influences are suspected. For the rest of the century, the italic font's widespread purpose remained for emphasis of words, excerpts or sentences. The font reflects an obvious calligraphic character style, along with a steep and unsettling obliqueness of the capitals. The unusual aspects of its form led to its 20th century demise.
Close to the same time period, a committee of scholars (chosen by German publisher G.J. Göschensche Verlagsbuchhandlung) determined the new type for the New Testament in Greek. After the book came out in 1803, the typography reflected the better heritage of Greek type design. Several influences are evident from Bodini Greek types. These influences include a marked contrast between thick and thin neoclassical strokes, cursive style and large font size. Additionally, this cumbersome style of typography later indirectly influenced Greek Leipsig type.
Another historical Greek font of the 19th and 20th centuries is Griechische Antigua. This typeface was created by German Maurice Eduard Pinder (most popular from 1870 -1940). However, the type was virtually abandoned after WW II. Some scholars consider it a great loss for Greek typography.