Behind the Scenes
As you can imagine there has been a lot of political wrangling done on both sides of the fence. You have the cable providers and ISPs on one side saying that all of this traffic is crippling their networks. They want to be able to provide good service, but for heavy users like Netflix, Amazon Prime and Hulu, they should have to pay for it.
On the other side of the fence are the tech companies like Microsoft, Facebook, Netflix and so on who are fighting to keep the internet open and opposing so-called internet “fast-lanes". The FCC has been working with both camps attempting to draw up policy for managing internet access. After seeking public comments in the summer of 2013, the FCC went back to the drawing board when it was clear the policies were too open ended and unenforceable.
In early 2015, President Obama has weighed in asking FCC chairman Tom Wheeler to ensure the internet is kept open and fair. In February 2015, reports came out saying the FCC would propose classifying high-speed internet as a telecommunications service instead of information service. On February 26, 2015, the FCC approved Wheeler’s proposal.
This means that broadband internet access cannot be throttled or blocked based on the content passing across the wires and paid prioritization is also not allowd.
Just because the FCC proposal passed, the Net Neutrality “war" isn’t necessarily over. It is very likely cable companies and ISPs will appeal the decision in order to gain back some of their powers.