Several species-specific behaviors provide additional examples of adaptations of gazelles. These adaptations allow gazelles to conserve energy and resources. This is an important feature, especially considering the harshness of their environment.
Like many animals, gazelles use gestures and certain postures as warning communication in order to prevent conflict. Fighting between animals uses energy. It also presents a chance of injury, possibly resulting in an impairment of food gathering and defense against predators.
Gazelles live in male-led herds, with the size varying with the species. Herding is adaptive behavior in prey species. Living in a group affords some protection against predators. Predators may lose track of a targeted animal as like-colored animals scatter. A herd means that more eyes are keeping an eye out for a possible attack. A single animal is more likely to be spared when living in a group rather than on its own during an ambush.
Some species of gazelle are nomadic, following seasonal patterns in plant growth. They may occupy an area as long as food supplies are plentiful. This behavior allows them to maximize the available resources for growth and development.
The many adaptations, both physically and behaviorally, in gazelles help them cope with their harsh environment. As a prey species, these adaptions help ensure that some animals will survive to the next generation.