What is the Relationship Between Global Radiation and the Ozone Layer?
As we progress towards our goal of comprehending how global radiation influences surface ozone concentration, let us delve into our knowledge of the structural arrangement between the sun as the source of global radiation, the free space where radiation is dispersed, the atmosphere that shields the Earth from the intensity of electromagnetic radiations and the Earth as the end recipient of radiated energy.
Through scientific estimations, the Earth’s atmosphere was established as a uniform composition of different gasses: 78% nitrogen, 21 % oxygen, and less than 1% argon plus minute traces of carbon, hydrogen, neon, helium, methane, krypton, xenon, and ozone of about 0.03%. However, this was before and data has since changed due to the advent of the greenhouse gases.
About 8.1 km from the Earth’s surface is the troposphere, where wind, water vapor and air pressure meet and form variables in the weather system, like hurricanes, typhoons and tropical storms. Just above the troposphere, is the lower layer of the stratosphere, which we all know of as the ozone layer and extends to about 50 kms of the stratosphere. This is where the ultraviolet radiation is absorbed as it serves to lessen the impact of the electromagnetic waves' oscillating energy, before they hit the Earth's surface.
This section's image illustrates how different wavelengths of global radiation that is dispersed in free space travel, and initially pass through the Earth's atmosphere. The latter serves as a protective shield against the powerful oscillating energy of electric and magnetic fields. Without the blanketing effect of the atmospheric layer, Earth and its inhabitants will receive potentially harmful energetic rays in different wavelengths, and in the forms of ultraviolet rays, solar x-rays and gamma rays among others.
There are several more atmospheric layers hereafter, making up the entire protective covering of our planet against global radiation as the atmosphere could extend up to about 700 kms from the Earth’s surface. This is quite important since certain natural processes require only the right amount of solar radiation to sustain an ecological balance. Bear in mind that the intensity of solar energy or radiation, is capable of breaking down matters into smaller molecules or atoms.
Continue reading on to the next page as the relationship between global radiation and the ozone surface is illustrated and explained.