Endangered Species of the Sahara Desert
The following animals are endangered species according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened species (2010):
Addax nasomaculatus, known as the screwhorn antelope. The total population is estimated at less than 300 individuals across the range, with the majority of the population in the Termit/Tin Toumma region of Niger. The population continues to decline due to ongoing threats of hunting and habitat loss.
Gazella leptoceros, known as Slender-horned Gazelle. In 2007, total population was estimated at under 2,500 mature individuals and was declining. No individual subpopulation is estimated to number more than 250 mature individuals, although population data is very sparse.
Many other species of gazelles are endangered, among them the Dama Gazelle (Gazella dama), the Cuvier's Gazelle (Gazella cuvieri), the Acacia (Gazella gazella acaciae) and Muscat (Gazella gazella muscatensis), and the Saudi Gazelle (Gazella saudiya), which is now considered extinct in the wild by the IUCN.
The Equus Africanus (wild ass), is listed as critically endangered in the Red List. No subpopulation groups in excess of 50 mature individuals are found. Other ass species endangered are: the Asian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus), the Syrian race (Equus hemionus hemippus), also extinct in the wild. Zebras are similarly endangered. Among them are the Burchell's Zebra (Equus burchellii burchellii) and the Grevy's Zebra (Equus grevyi) of East Africa.