How Agriculture Affects Forests
Basically, deforestation means the transformation of forest land area into another one for a long duration or even permanently. Posing a threat for human survival on Earth, deforestation has become a grave issue that needs to be addressed immediately.
Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East are few places where deforestation was recorded on a larger scale. Moreover, what raises an alarm is the rate of depletion of forest areas especially in places like Latin America, Africa and Asia which report an accelerating rate of 2%, 0.8% and 2% respectively every year.
Agriculture, population issues, timber harvesting, social and political divisions, mining, and the necessity of roads are some of the reasons why forest areas are cut down. These activities have been carried out for a long time and their repercussions are being felt now. With an aim to set up an agricultural industry, authorities make use of slash-and-burn techniques to remove the land area. While doing so, they often burn hundreds to thousands of hectares while clearing an area of 2 to 10 acres. Mainly, these practices cause a major destruction of the trees having timber value.
Forests comprise slightly more than one quarter of the total land area of the world. In fact, Canada, China, Russia, Brazil, Indonesia, the United States, and the Democratic Republic of Congo are the seven nations that form more than 60% of the total forest area on Earth. With major portions of greenery being wiped out, adverse impact has been witnessed on climate. Various species of animals and birds have also become extinct.