The Conservation of the Threatened Elephants in Africa
On their part, the different African governments implemented wildlife reserves, to help keep the poachers out of the elephants’ natural habitats. Nevertheless, these reserves require a lot of funding and the respective African governments claim that tourism alone cannot sustain the maintenance of these reservation parks. Ironically, the wildlife officials allow the intentional killings of some elephants, known as culling, in order to maintain the number of elephants at a manageable level. Accordingly, culling measures are being implemented to maximize resources, as well as to provide additional conservation funds. Otherwise, a large cluster of elephants concentrated in a single area meant rapid depletion of their funding resources.
However, this makes its possible for smugglers to sneak in their illegal trade by passing-off their poached ivory as product of culled elephants. They are shipped to adjacent countries and from there, their ivory trade will be made to appear legal. As a counter-measure, authorities subject ivory tusks to DNA testings in order to trace the origins of stolen tusks. This way, poaching hotspots were pinpointed while some poachers were caught in the process.
It is also quite ironic that some African farmers will gladly welcome the disappearance of these animals since they are considered as humongous pests. Due to their large size and large appetite, these enormous animals tend to destroy the entire cultivation of a farmer once they seek for new sources of food and water. Thus, for their ivory tusks and for their monstrous appetites, the state of elephants in Africa have elevated from threatened to endangered, since they find little support from local farmers.
As a note, it may interest you to know that animal rights organizations support elephant protection by collecting funds for the upkeep of the wildlife reserves. The only problem is, only a few people are aware that such a dilemma exists; hence, you may want to pass this information on.