Custom Process Safety Management Programs
Not every PSM program will be alike; a custom overview should be made after a thorough assessment of the plant itself. Each phase of the plant process should be looked into. For example, diagrams of the piping, all manual, automatic, and overlimit safety valves, and monitoring instruments should be documented and made accessible to plant operators and emergency response workers.
Also, a standard set of orders or set of instructions for the plant should be made available to those workers unfamiliar with the inner workings of the plant. Such orders would include the procedure for a safe, normal, and reliable operation of the plant which would include start up and plant shut down, as well as overall plant maintenance.
There should also be formal safety training that should occur before plant operation takes place. Some of this would involve OSHA-fulfilled requirements for permits, hot work, confined space entry permits, personal protective equipment (PPE), and the like.
Of course, there would always be an individual who would be the designated program provider with thorough knowledge of the PSM. This person would give each process step his/her own analysis. Starting with making sure the each piece of plant equipment is safe to use, this would include its own electrical, mechanical, and instrumentation classification. Other reviews would include startup, shut-down and idle periods of the plant. The idle time should cover when either process fluids are present or not. Later, the mechanics and electrical procedures would also be reviewed when the plant is down or up and running.