Parabens refer to chemicals with similar molecular structures namely ehtylparaben, methylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben; wherein methylpraben and propylparaben are the most frequently used in cosmetic products. Out of 25,000 consumer products tested by EWG, 10,000 were confirmed to contain any one of these parabens as ingredients.
Parabens are widely used in cosmetics for the purpose of inhibiting microbial growths while in storage. They are easily absorbed by the skin and enter the bloodstream as well as the digestive system. As carcinogens, evidences of their concentrations were found in breast tumor biopsy results. In addition, almost all urine samples collected from adults of different races, ethnicities and geographic backgrounds residing in the US contain traces of paraben chemicals.
Such findings were attributed to the wide range of water-based organic products like shampoos, conditioners, facial cleansers, scrubs and the likes. Although the contention that parabens in a single product is limited to low levels, an individual uses multiple products as part of personal hygiene and aesthetic enhancements more than once in a single day. Manufacturers of organic products that employ water-based solutions are urged to come up with products that have shorter shelf-lives to dispense of these parabens.
Phthalates are prevalent in a wide range of consumer products that make use of plastic and they are used as binding agent for the cosmetic product’s color and scent. Consumers will not find any mention of phthalates as ingredients in the labels of their favorite personal care products. Instead, the ingredient “fragrance" collectively includes phthalates; and 72 samples of these products were tested as positive for having these carcinogenic substances
According to CSC, two decades of research have shown substantial evidence that phthalates can disrupt the human hormonal system. In fact, it is more critical in the stages of development, where male babies conceived by pregnant women exposed to phthalates, had been harshly affected.
There were male babies who were said to have developed an abnormality called hypospadias, which refers to a urethral opening on the underside of the penis. In addition, they had testicles that were smaller than average size.
- Even the male infant’s hormonal levels altered as they were breastfed with phthalate-tainted breast milk. In addition, further studies revealed that phthalates also caused the occurrence of breast tumors among women.
- EWG tested more than a hundred nail care and other products used for personal hygiene and came up with high results that indicated the presence of phthalates. As mentioned earlier, phthalate were behind the ingredients specified as “fragrance".