Managing Your Compost Toilet
Using Your Compost Toilet
Place one-inch of organic material such as sawdust, peat moss, grass clippings or rice hulls, inside the your compost toilet before use. Every time the toilet is used, place more organic material in the toilet, using enough to cover the urine and feces. Check the toilet regularly. If it starts to smell or becomes water-logged (has too much fluid in it), add more organic material to it. When the toilet is full, remove the bucket and empty it in your compost pile.
Emptying Your Compost Toilet
The contents of your compost toilet need to biodegrade in your compost pile to get rid of harmful pathogens. The Humanare Handbook considers human compost safe after a few months, but the Ministry of Agriculture Food & Rural Affairs warns that harmful pathogens such as E. Coli can survive for more than a year. To be safe, allow your composting toilet materials to compost in your compost pile for two years.
The best way to empty your toilet contents into your compost toilet to minimize pathogen exposure is to:
- Put on a pair of rubber gloves
- Dig a hole in the top of your compost pile
- Pour out the contents of the bucket into the hole. Putting the toilet contents in a hole inside the compost pile helps to prevent runoff of the toilet contents into surrounding land.
Clean the bucket and your gloves with a small amount of vinegar or soapy water made out of biodegradable soap to minimize odors. Pour out the soapy water or vinegar in a sewer drain. Do not let it drain it spill onto land. Although you are using a small amount of water to clean your compost toilet bucket, you are using far less water than you would flushing a standard plumbed toilet.