Application of Green Technology by the Industry
The recent history of green technology in computing is the history of various industry leaders innovating to comply with regulations.
To reduce their carbon emission liability required by the 1997 Kyoto protocol, companies such as VIA promoted research on alternative energy sources such as solar cells to power computers. In 2001, VIA established the first-ever cyber community center in the South Pacific powered entirely by solar technology.
Following the RoHS directives, VIA took the lead to substitute lead with a composite of tin, silver and copper. VIA’s Enhanced Ball Grid Array (EBGA) package contributed to the development of power efficient processors, and the Heat Sink Ball Grid Array (HSBGA) package contributed to the development of power efficient chipsets. These energy-efficient processors produce over four times less carbon and are compatible with solar-powered devices.
Intel took the lead in virtualization software that allows a combination of several physical systems into a virtual machine running on a single, powerful base system significantly reducing power consumption.
Dell increased its investment in renewable energy from wind, solar and natural gas capture, and offers free recycling to customers.
HP has adopted the use of recycled plastic resin in the manufacture of printers and inkjet print cartridges in a big way.
Google and Intel started the Climate Savers Computing Initiative in 2007, a nonprofit group of eco-conscious consumers, businesses, and conservation organizations aiming to reduce carbon emissions by promoting development, deployment, and adoption of smart technologies and improve the computer’s power delivery efficiency.