Architecture and Design Styles
Ancient Greek architectural styles were divided on the basis of the design of the columns, which formed the main part of Ancient Greek temples. The columns of their temples are probably the most well-known form of Greek Architecture. Temples also served as a treasure storage place so they often had inner rooms.
Two of the main styles are Doric and Ionic. Ionic style buildings were elegant and thinner in width. This style, which first began in eastern Greece, resulted in some of the most beautiful Greek temples. Ionic architecture style consisted of columns which stood on a base that separated the shafts supporting the columns. The capital, or top feature, of the columns had paired scrolling volutes and a neck on which the capital rested. Ionic structures were more visually interesting than Doric.
Doric architectural style was a bit more formal with its columns directly standing on the flat pavement. The temples made in this style didn’t have a base but had vertical supporting shafts with symmetrical vertical grooves. The top of the columns had smooth capitals that flared out to meet a square abacus or structural design. This architectural style has been the synonym for Greek Architecture and is seen in the ruins of several Greek buildings.
The Corinthian style was also used for constructing Greek Buildings; however it was not prominently used. The Corinthian style was similar to the Ionic style, but had designs of leaves made at the volute, below the capital. However, unlike Ionic and Doric Style, the Corinthian style didn’t have a neck that formed the base of the capital. Moreover, the columns were also more slender and had a concave shape beneath the capital.