Differences between a Home Network and a Corporate Network
Although the principles behind home networking are identical to those behind corporate networks, the two types of networks have some notable differences, most notably size: corporate networks can have thousands of devices interconnected while a home network is typically comprised of fewer than ten. Here are a few other differences between the two types of network.
Home networking is typically defined by a shared broadband connection from either a cable or DSL provider. Corporate networks usually have a fractional T1, T1, or faster connection that features guaranteed bandwidth and uptime.
Rather than the consumer-grade hardware available from retail outlets, corporate networks rely on larger, heavier duty equipment to support their mission. T1 interfaces, routers, firewalls and switches all come into play when setting up the corporate network.
Gigabit Ethernet and fiber networks are more common in the workplace than in home environments, although technology for consumers is constantly developing.
Because corporations normally have more desirable information, they are more frequently the targets of hackers. To guard against this, a robust and costly security apparatus is required.
Corporate networks are often comprised of several sub networks to secure and organize the network. For example, voice over IP (VoIP) traffic is often run on its own network to insure adequate voice communications. Home networks, on the other hand, usually have only one network and often have no need for sub networks.
Most home networks are configured as peer to peer, meaning that they pool their resources and access / authentication is handled on a per device basis. Corporate networks often utilize client-server networks, meaning that a centralized server manages user authentication, file and resource access, and other security measures.