Anatomy & Physiology

The human body is made up of thousands of parts, such as glands, muscles, bones, pieces of cartilage, and organs. These parts work together to keep the body breathing and make sure blood is pumping at all times. Read articles in this topic to learn about the parts of the human body and how they function.

Innate immunity: The first line of defense against pathogens

Animals and plants possess their own defense mechanisms against pathogens. Entry of any foreign element triggers the immune system and thereby kills the pathogen. The body defense mechanism is quite interesting. Find out more about innate immunity and its characteristics in the following article.