Anatomy & Physiology

The human body is made up of thousands of parts, such as glands, muscles, bones, pieces of cartilage, and organs. These parts work together to keep the body breathing and make sure blood is pumping at all times. Read articles in this topic to learn about the parts of the human body and how they function.

Integumentary System Functions: The Body’s Shield

The integumentary system of the body serves the main purpose of protecting the body. We will examine the various integumentary system functions. We will look at what organs the system is comprised of and what the main functions of each one are. We will also look at the importance of each function.

The Role of Hormones in Homeostasis

The role of hormones in homeostasis is essential to overall health. Getting regular exercise and eating right can help keep all natural processes within the body intact. Without healthy hormone regulation of various processes, the body is more vulnerable to disease.

Atomic Structure of Amino Acids

Amino acids are the structural components of proteins. But what is the atomic structure of amino acids? This article demystifies and explains the structures and properties of all twenty amino acids.

What Are Amino Acids?

What are amino acids? Amino acids are the building blocks that make the body work well. Absence of certain amino acids inhibit areas including fat metabolism and brain function as well as other disorders.

What Do Ribosomes Do

Ribosomes are organelles in the cell that are responsible for producing proteins. What do ribosomes do? They translate the genetic code contained in mRNA into an ordered sequence of amino acids. Ribosome consists of a large subunit and a small subunit.

Differences Between Free and Bound Ribosomes

What are the differences between free and bound ribosomes? Free ribosomes are located in the cytoplasm, and the bound ribosomes are attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Free ribosomes produce proteins for the cell, while bound ribosomes produce proteins that are transported out of the cell.

Zinc Absorption And Vitamin C

Zinc is an essential trace element and is involved in over 300 metallo enzymes. Zinc deficiency has been linked to poor wound healing; diarrhea; skin lesions; hair loss and retardation of puberty. Zinc absorption and vitamin C intake could be synergistic.

Side Effects of Loop Diuretics

Loop diuretics are a type of medication that reduces the amount of water retained by the body. It accomplishes this by targeting a specific region of the kidney called the Loop of Henle. The side effects of loop diuretics include increased urine formation, dehydration and sodium deficiency.