What Biomedical Technology is, and How it Works

Biomedical Technology is the combination of three words which converge to form Biomedical Technology.  These words are Bio(logy), Medical and Technology!

Medical
fraternity depends on research of biology, a highly intricate subject.  With the advent of the communications revolution, and the growing use of
computers, technology has come to the aid of medicine.

Biology,
as we all know, is the study of various intricate parts of each body, which
is a living organism (our human body too is classified as one). This also includes plants, mammals, or anything that grows, on land, sea or
air. Relevant examples range from the tiniest creature that
this author can think of, the mosquito, to small and large birds, mammals, reptiles, and small plants like grass to the tallest Banyan
tree. All are living organisms, and therefore are the subject of biology.

Biology
in ancient days was one of trial and error. In ancient civilizations, there
were many texts which were used to heal wounds and other diseases. Some of
them are lost to mankind. Practically every civilization had its own set of
medicines that were obtained naturally. In the last
century came the advent of what is called synthetic medicine, that is the pills
and capsules that are manufactured in large scale by various pharmacy
companies.

Biology
is the study of how each cell in the organism works. This includes a wide
range of activity. What made it what it is, what is its relation to the cell
next to it, what is contained in each cell, what does it do, how does it do it,
from where  does it get the ‘instructions
to act in a particular manner’, how does it communicate with others, how does
it send certain chemicals or juices to other cells, or molecules, what makes it
produce those juices at particular times only, and who or what really controls
it and the other millions, sorry, billions of similar cells. How long does a
cell last, why does it have to fade away (die), and what makes it do so, how is
the new cell brought into its place and so on.

Studying
these characteristics helps the researcher to identify various cells which
contribute to our well being or to our ailments. In analyzing the
characteristics of each cell, which takes years and years, it obviously
requires the researchers to maintain a huge volume of databases. The databases contain 
bioinformation taken at different times and allows researchers to check back and forth where the
evolutionary cycle of that cell started, how it worked, how it broke down, and
how it was replaced. The questions are endless.

To
collate all this information, and to find relationships which could withstand
the scrutiny of scientists required reams of paper meticulously written down.
With the advent of computers this task became much easier. With the adding and growing of computing power, the databases are now safe, and the
intricate relationships can be examined a little more scientifically by using
math models and algorithms.  The results
of these could be shared amongst all researchers across borders, and they could
collaborate with each other.

Further,
with the complex equations used, it became faster to get results, thus leading
researchers to hasten the pace of their research, and find solutions to some of
the ailments which once defied the medical fraternity’s efforts to find
solutions.

Today’s
non invasive technologies like X-rays, CT Scans,  CAT scans, MRIs and other similar diagnostic
tools which are engineered by technologies, help the medical fraternity to find
diseases faster, diagnose them quickly, and also to offer various other
medication, earlier not known, due to the synergies between biology, medical
fraternity and technology. All of these have been described above in a short
and general form for you to assimilate and understand the co-relation between
the three.