The cell nucleus is a highly specialized organelle that is often called the cell’s ‘brain’. It’s an amazing structure that controls and coordinates cellular activities including metabolism and protein synthesis. And it houses an organism’s genetic material.
Read articles and startling information on genomic research and the study of genes.
One of the major causes of short stature is a mutated SHOX gene. Understanding how mutations of the gene and its regulatory regions cause restricted growth could lead to improved methods of diagnosing short stature and new treatments.
Genome transplantation is the transfer of a complete set of an organism’s nuclear DNA – its genome – into another organism of the same or different species. The tiny transplants could enable the production of synthetic microbes as well as providing new cures for some diseases.
A look at the life and work of the genetics researcher Charlotte Auerbach. She was a remarkable woman and the first scientist to look into the effects of chemical mutagens. She demonstrated the differences in mutations caused by X-rays and mutations caused by chemicals.
HIV has been the focus of intense biological research for quite some time now. HIV, the agent that causes AIDS has successfully eluded our drugs and has been escaping from vaccines as well. Why is this so? What are current hopes and what does future hold in store? Read on to learn more.
Royal Alexander Brink had an important role in showing how plant genetics could affect agriculture for the better. He is credited with creating a hybrid corn variety that profited Wisconsin farmers, as well as a hardy variety of alfalfa and a non-bitter variety of sweet clover for forage crops.
Bioengineering could open up new and unheard of research avenues in genetics, medicine and a variety of other fields. BioBricks, sponsored by the BioBrick Foundation, are standard biological parts and can be used to build interesting, never-before-thought of biological applications.
The U.S. biochemist and geneticist Marshall Warren Nirenberg is famous for his pioneering work on the genetic code. This work, for which he won the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1968 began with his interest in discovering the role of RNA in DNA replication and gene expression.
The domestication of the Russian Silver Fox was an interesting experiment that offers an explanation about how animals may have become domesticated over the centuries. In this experiment, foxes showing a trait for tameness were bred for several generations and found to show genetic changes.