Cerebral palsy is a developmental disability resulting from brain damage before, during, or shortly after birth. A lifelong condition, not a disease, this disability affects body movement and muscle coordination. Depending on which part or parts of the brain are damaged, cerebral palsy can cause muscle tightness, poor posture, disturbances in balance, gait and mobility, fine motor skill impairments, and speech difficulties.
Usually diagnosed within the first few years of life, cerebral palsy is not progressive in that brain damage does not worsen. Secondary conditions such as muscle tightness, however, can develop and change or remain constant over time. People with cerebral palsy can improve function with physical, occupational, and speech therapy.
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