There are several birth defects associated with exposure to Agent Orange, a mixture of herbicides sprayed in Vietnam during the war in 1962 to 1971.
Clotting factor VIII is an important factor in the process of coagulation. A deficiency often results in Hemophilia A. An elevated clotting factor VIII may result in venous and arterial venous formations.
Urine samples are frequently submitted to the laboratory for urinalysis test for bowel bacteria that may be causing urinary tract infection. Find out how bacteria in the intestines can cause urinary tract infection in men and women, and if these bacteria can be identified through a simple urinalysis
The complement system plays some important roles in the body’s fight against infection. Each component of the complement system can be measured using blood test to help evaluate for immune system diseases and other associated conditions. Find out the significance of complement C3 and 4 high results.
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis is a test done for patients with central nervous system problems, like infection, hemorrhage and other conditions which manifest with neurological symptoms. Find out more about CSF, its normal values, how the procedure is performed, and what abnormal values may indicate.
Increasing maternal age is one of the factors associated with the development of chromosome abnormality in a child. Find out more about the relationship between chromosome abnormality and pregnancy age of the mother.
There are several types of chromosome abnormalities that may occur in pregnancy. Some studies also reveal that there is a relationship between chromosome abnormalities and the age of the mother when she becomes pregnant.
The number of chromosomes is specific for proper functioning. When this is thrown off it results in a genetic disease.
Retinitis pigmentosa is a disease characterized by progressive degeneration of photoreptors in the eyes. Learn more about the current research on retinitis pigmentosa.
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum is an inherited disease which affects the skin, eyes and blood vessels of affected individuals. This article discusses the causes, symptoms and treatment of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
Beta cell thalassemia symptoms vary in severity depending on the type affecting the individual. There are four known types of beta cell thalassemia. This article discusses each of these types and their symptoms.
Androgen insensitivity syndrome is a disorder affecting male children. Affected males often present with ambiguous genitalia such as having feminine external organs, or very small sized penis. This article focuses on the genetics, and the different types of androgen insensitivity syndrome.
Prader Willi syndrome symptoms usually depends on the stage of the disease affecting the child. This article gives an overview of Prader Willi syndrome, its symptoms and treatment.
Osteogenesis imperfecta, an inherited disease caused by genetic mutations affecting connective tissues in the body, has several types. This article focuses on type I osteogenesis imperfecta, its symptoms, diagnosis and the specific genes involved.
DNA replication is an important process resulting in the production of another copy of the DNA strand. Learn about the DNA replication steps to better understand the process.
Micro is a term which means small and cephaly is a word mostly used in reference to the head. Microcephaly therefore means small head. It is a congenital defect usually seen in newborn babies and is caused by many factors. Find out more about microcephaly causes in this article.
CADASIL syndrome is an inherited disorder affecting small blood vessels in the brain resulting in cerebrovascular accidents in susceptible individuals. Learn more facts about CADASIL syndrome.
Microbes are countless and are found virtually everywhere. They have major roles in the environment, including the soil.
Microbes are microscopic living organisms. They are ubiquitous in nature, meaning they are present everywhere and yet they are too small to be seen by the naked eye. Learn more about the microbe world with the key facts presented below.