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Facts and Information About Susan J. Helms

written by: Jason C. Chavis•edited by: RC Davison•updated: 6/12/2010

Susan J. Helms is a famous astronaut who flew aboard the space shuttle and the International Space Station. In addition, she has become a highly-decorated Major General in the US Air Force.

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    Susan Helms 

    Susan J. Helms is a former astronaut who conducted five space flights with NASA over the course of eight years. She flew on four different space shuttles and the took part in the construction of the International Space Station. After graduating from the US Air Force Academy, she became a engineer on the F-15 and F-16. Later she worked as a flight test engineer for both the US Air Force and Canadian military. Today, Helms is a Major General for the United States Air Force, the Director of Plans and Policy for the US Strategic Command in Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. This makes her both one of the most seasoned astronauts in NASA history and one of the highest ranking women in the military.

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    Mission Overviews

    Susan J. Helms first flight was aboard the STS-54 Endeavour. The mission lasted nearly six days and primarily was responsible for deploying the NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS), capable of relaying communications from spacecraft to the Earth. It also used a Diffuse X-Ray Spectrometer that collected 22 hours of X-rays of the Milky Way galaxy.

    Her second flight was nearly an 11 day mission aboard Discovery - STS-64. This mission collected data on the troposphere and stratosphere of the Earth as well as the solar corona using the SPARTAN-201 satellite. It also tested jet thruster impingement and a new EVA device.

    Aboard the Columbia - STS-78, she flew for nearly 17 days. At the time, this was the longest space shuttle mission and studied microgravity and life science with the Life and Microgravity Spacelab mission.

    In one of the first missions to the International Space Station - STS-101, Atlantis delivered repair materials to the Functional Cargo Block. Lasting nearly 10 days, Helms herself was in charge of the rendezvous to the station and maintaining the computer system.

    Her longest mission was aboard the ISS. Known as Expedition 2, it lasted for 163 days. She was flown to and from the station on Discovery - STS-102 and STS-105 respectively. Joining another American astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut, some of the highlights include the longest space walk in history as well as various maintenance tasks. She also was aboard when the first space tourist, Dennis Tito, came aboard.

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    Basic Information

    Full name: Susan Jane Helms

    Famous for: Conducted an 8 hour and 56 minute space walk

    Birth date: February 26, 1958

    Birth place: Charlotte, North Carolina, USA

    Father: Lt. Col. (Ret., USAF) Pat Helms

    Mother: Dori

    Family: three sisters

    Attended space program: January 1990 (approved July 1991)

    Pre-flight occupation: engineer, U.S. Air Force

    Number of missions flown: 5

    Age at the first flight: 35

    First mission name/code: STS-54

    First mission date: January 13, 1993

    First mission vessel: Space Shuttle Endeavour

    Second mission name/code: STS-64

    Second mission date: September 9, 1994

    Second mission vessel: Space Shuttle Discovery

    Third mission name/code: STS-78

    Third mission date: June 20, 1996

    Third mission vessel: Space Shuttle Columbia

    Fourth mission name/code: STS-101

    Fourth mission date: May 19, 2000

    Fourth mission vessel: Space Shuttle Atlantis

    Fifth mission name/code: Expedition 2

    Fifth mission date: March 8, 2001

    Fifth mission vessel: International Space Station via Space Shuttle Discovery

    Total time in space: 5,064 hours, a total of 211 days

    Space Exploration contribution: Installed the Airlock aboard the ISS using the Space Station Robotic Arm

    Space roles: mission specialist and flight engineer

    Post-flight career: Division Chief for the Air Force Space Command; Commander of the 45th Space Wing; Major General Director of Plans and Policy for the US Strategic Command

    Education: Graduate Parkrose Senior High School in Portland, Oregon (1976); B.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from US Air Force Academy(1980); Masters of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics from Stanford University (1985)

    Retired: 2002

    Honors: NASA Distinguished Service Medal; Legion of Merit; Defense Superior Service Medal; Defense Meritorious Service Medal; NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal

    Other interests: piano, computers, cooking, reading, travel, jogging

    Fun Fact: Helms has flown at least 30 different types of aircraft

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    "Biographical Data" Johnson Space Center:

    "Major General Susan J. Helms" US Air Force:

    "Susan J. Helms" Space Explorers:

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    Image Source

    Susan J. Helms. (Supplied by NASA; Public Domain;