A question arises concerning energy effects of Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Since it does rotate so rapidly, and different parts at different rates, friction should generate considerable heat. Friction should also slow rotation over time, and the heat generated should add to atmospheric turbulence. In fact, the turbulence of Jupiter’s atmosphere may be at least partly responsible for some of the most interesting visible features of the massive planet.
Heat should produce convection cells. The Great Red Spot may be the most outstanding demonstration of this. In fact, the Great Red Spot appears to be a storm, resulting from constant atmospheric winds of almost 300 miles per hour, due to the planet’s rapid rotation. In fact, lightning bolts have been seen in Jupiter’s atmosphere.
Why hasn’t the Great Red Spot disappeared? One cited reference suggests that, even as a notable topographical feature on Earth may effect the outcome of an earthly storm, a similar feature Jovian topographical feature may prevent the Great Red Spot from disappearing.
Jupiter’s small angle of inclination (about 3 degrees) imparts seasonal stability to Jupiter. This stabilization limits some of the changes that might otherwise be experienced by Jupiter’s atmosphere.