Ice Ages & Stradivari
Some of the historians amongst you might have noted that those dates for the Maunder Minimum correspond pretty well with the Little Ice Age, a time period when the world was at its coldest since the big Ice Ages.
Still, how could a lack of sunspots cool the whole planet down? There's a strong connection between the number of sunspots and solar energy. Some people theorize that, with less UV being emitted by the Sun during the Maunder Minimum, less would have hit the atmosphere and react with the oxygen there to form ozone—a greenhouse gas that keeps the heat in and the planet at a toasty temperature.
For example, the luthier Stradivari, born a year before the beginning of the Maunder Minimum, made some of the most famously exquisite stringed instruments known to the music world. The connection? His instruments utilize a denser, more resonant wood, which grew the way that it did due to the cooler climate and thus slower growth during the Little Ice Age.
However, fans of the Stradivarius series should not be thanking the Maunder Minimum quite yet. This is the subject of much debate. The Little Ice Age was mostly noted in the western and northern hemispheres, that is, in Europe and in the Americas and not so much in the rest of the world. Adjusting greenhouse gas levels, surely, would have effected the entire globe, though some scientists argue that it could have created more localized cooling by tweaking the jet stream and other currents. It's more likely that the Maunder Minimum contributed to the Little Ice Age, as opposed to being the sole cause of it. And of course, correlation does not equal causation, and it could be that the alignment of dates is a mere coincidence.