About Down Syndrome
Down syndrome is a condition in which a child is born with an extra chromosome. It is a genetic disorder that can include some mental retardation and birth defects. According to the Children’s Hospital Boston, “Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic birth defects, affecting approximately one in 800 to 1,000 babies. In this country [USA], there are approximately 350,000 individuals with Down syndrome, according to the National Down Syndrome Society. Life expectancy among adults with Down syndrome is about 55 years, though average life span varies."
Children with Down syndrome are at higher risk for certain medical problems such as congenital heart defect, pulmonary hypertension, hearing and vision difficulties, thyroid, intestinal issues, seizures, respiratory infections, obesity, leukemia and infection.
Because of this, it is common for certain blood tests to be performed across their lifetime to monitor their health. These routine blood tests for children with Down syndrome are organized by recommended age, according to The National Down Syndrome Congress Center’s Down Syndrome Preventative Medical Check List.