Causes Of Blood In The Urine
Blood in the urine can be associated with a number of underlying conditions which could need to be treated – indeed, some of these conditions are potentially life-threatening.
The most likely cause of hematuria is an infection in the urinary tract due to the presence of bacteria in the bladder. If the infection spreads, it can cause an infection in the kidneys, although the initial source of a bacteriological kidney infection may also be blood borne. Bacteriological infections can usually be treated effectively with a course of antibiotics.
Other forms of kidney disease (e.g. diabetes, immune disease or viral infection) may also cause blood to be seen in the urine. Physical damage to the kidneys through accident or contact sports, such as boxing, may also cause blood to appear in the urine.
Bladder and kidney stones may both lead to the presence of blood in the urine due to the physical damage they can cause in the affected organ.
Inherited conditions such as Alport syndrome and sickle cell anaemia can also cause the symptoms of hematuria. Inflammation of the prostate may also lead to hematuria.
Cancer in the bladder, prostate or kidneys may also cause the presence of blood in urine; however, this usually will only occur once the cancer has become quite advanced and more difficult to treat.