The Organs of the Endocrine System
The major components within the endocrine system include the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus, adrenal, thyroid, pineal, and parathyroid glands, along with the testes, ovaries, and pancreas. Therefore, the endocrine system is mainly responsible for regulating metabolism, sexual function, and growth.
One important organ of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland. It is an unique organ because it produces hormones that act on other organs causing them to produce hormones. It is involved in producing hormones to regulate salt-water homeostasis, growth, the reproductive cycle, pregnancy and lactation.
Another important component of the endocrine system is the hypothalamus which is located within the central area of the brain. It produces various hormones including the hormone somatostatin. This hormone is responsible for a variety of functions such as regulating body temperature and producing a feeling of fullness or satiety.