Where is your Femoral Artery Located?
There are two ways that can be used to determine the the location of the femoral artery.
Tracing blood flow to the femoral artery. Arteries originate from the aorta which ascends from the heart's posterior. Here the aorta is referred to as the ascending aorta. The coronary arteries branch off the aorta during this phase. At the top of the aortic arch, there are the branches of the carotid vessel which supplies the brain, and the subclavian arteries which provide blood for the rest of the upper extremities.
Along the way to the lower extremities the aorta is referred to as the abdominal aorta. Here branches off the main aorta vasculate several arteries to the digestive tract, the kidneys, spinal cord and other lower torso systems and organs. After these branches the artery divides into two. These two arterial branches are known as the iliac arteries; each iliac artery supplying each limb.
Once the iliac artery enters the femoral triangle it becomes the femoral artery. The femoral triangle is the name given to the region inside the thigh. It is an area where different muscles and ligament cross creating a triangular space. In this triangular space the femoral artery, vein and nerve are found. The main femoral (common femoral) artery then splits into two; profunda femoris and superficial femoral artery, one supplying the inner muscles and the other the outer.
Determining the physical location of the femoral artery. Start by looking at the region of the top of the inner thigh. At this point the artery passes fairly close to the surface. Here the femoral artery is palpitable (can be felt). The exact spot can be determined by drawing an imaginary line from the groin up to the hip. The femoral artery can be palpitated two-thirds of the way up the leg.