The following are some disorders the above blood tests can diagnose:
Iron Deficiency Anemia
This is the most common type of anemia. It is caused by insufficient amounts of iron in the diet, the inability to absorb enough iron from the intestines, or blood loss. When iron levels are low, the cells operate with lowered energy. The primary symptom of iron deficiency is fatigue (tiredness). Pale skin, dizziness, cold hands or feet, headache, chest pain, and shortness of breath can also occur.
Iron is low, TIBC/transferrin is high, UIBC is high, transferrin saturation is low, and ferritin is low.
This type of anemia is caused by the destruction of red blood cells, either in the blood vessels or elsewhere in the body.
Iron is high, TIBC/transferrin is normal/low, UIBC is low/normal, transferrin saturation is high, and ferritin is high.
This anemia occurs when the body has iron but it is unable to incorporate it into hemoglobin.
Iron is normal/high, TIBC/transferrin is normal/low, UIBC is low/normal, transferrin saturation is high, and ferritin is high.
This disease is the most common type of iron overload that is either inherited or caused by a disorder like alcoholism. The body absorbs and stores too much iron. The extra iron builds up in the organs and causes damage. If untreated, this disease can cause serious problems like heart failure.
Iron is high, TIBC/transferrin is low, UIBC is low, transferrin saturation is high, and ferritin is high.
With iron poisoning, the unsaturated iron binding capacity is low, iron is high, TIBC/transferrin is normal, transferrin saturation is high, and ferritin is normal.