Ultrasound Technician Coursework and Specialties
Ultrasound technician training includes coursework on basic science, such as biology, anatomy, and physics. Training in instrumentation (using the equipment), patient care, and medical ethics is also included.
The best-known ultrasound technician specialty is obstetric and gynecological ultrasound. Technicians specializing in this field have additional training in maternal and fetal anatomy and physiology.
Another major ultrasound technician specialty is cardiovascular ultrasound. Specialists in this field perform ultrasounds of the heart, called echocardiograms, and of the blood vessels. They measure blood flow throughout the cardiovascular system. Specialists in this field receive additional training in anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the heart and in vascular ultrasound.
Less common ultrasound technician specialties are abdominal sonography (examining the abdominal organs), neurosonography (examining the brain), and breast sonography (examining breast tissue for abnormalities).