What is Birth Order Theory?
The order of birth is the child's position in the family in relation to his other siblings. It is said that the position of the child in the family greatly contribute to his personality, views, behavior and general well-being.
One such study is the birth order theorywhich was pioneered by Alfred Adler, a philosopher and a psychiatrist. Adler considered that the order of birth can greatly affect a person's personality, outlooks and beliefs. He also believed that the position in the family can foresee what would become of that person. The general health of the child is also sometimes associated with the order of his birth. For example, the first born is often subjected to complete vaccinations compared to the second or third child. There are also various intellectual and behavioral differences that occur in children as influenced by the order of their birth.
According to Adler's birth order theory, there are 4 basic types of positions. These include the oldest child, middle child, youngest child and the only child. The oldest child is often authoritative and at times act as the second parents to the younger siblings. The middle child is the even-tempered one. Most of the time, they are the happy-go-lucky individuals and most of the time, they are trying to fit “in" in the family. The youngest child is the baby of the family and they are often spoiled not only by the parents but also by the siblings. The only child enjoys the full attention they receive from everyone.
The contribution of Adler in the field of psychology is considered important and even today, it is still used in different studies.