One of the most prevalent problems for children suffering from Treacher Collins syndrome is hearing loss. Due to the fact that many children are born with blockage in the ears or simply undeveloped ear canals, the ability for the individual to hear is greatly impacted. When this sort of issue is present, it is not considered to be true deafness, as this requires damage to the nerves in the ear or brain. Since the nerves are usually fine, this allows physicians to work with the problem in a variety of ways.
Treatments for Treacher Collins syndrome commonly require surgery to remove the area in which blockage occurs. This generally opens up the passageway, allowing for sounds to properly enter the ear canal. Challenges with this, however, can occur depending on the type of tissue that is filling the area. While soft tissue is most prevalent, sometimes bone from the skull blocks the auditory canal, requiring more extensive surgical methods. Additionally, many children are born with heavily malformed or missing ears, sometimes even being out of position, which adds to the surgical challenges.
If the child is born with partially intact ear canals, parents and doctors may choose to simply supply the child with a hearing aid. This will amplify the sounds the child hears without further damaging tissues for a lower cost than surgery. Again, one of the major challenges with this is the malformation of the ears, which may require the use of a specially-designed hearing aid.