Genome Research and Sequencing
Anopheles gambia - In 2002 the genome of the mosquito that spreads most cases of malaria was cracked. It opened up new research efforts into treatments.
Arabidopsis thaliana - This weed was the first plant to be sequenced. It's a model organism, in that scientists will learn about how plants in general interact with the environment and how they deal with disease and pests.
Drosophila melanogaster - A scientist's favourite fly. The fruit fly has been a tool for geneticists since the beginning of the 1900's.
Escherichia coli - This bug is found in the intestines of many animals including humans. Largely harmless, but it can cause food poisoning.
Homo sapiens - The Human Genome Project was completed in 2003. 3 billion DNA letters were sequenced.
Mus musculus - Mice have been used by scientists for years. The tiny creatures have very similar genes to humans.
Pan troglodytes - A chimp off the old block. Chimpanzees and humans have at least 98% of their genes in common. The remaining two percent may tell us much about how we diverged, as well providing explanations as to why chimps do not suffer from some human diseases like HIV.
Vibrio cholerae - This pathogen has two chromosomes, twice the number of many other bugs.