An employment background check entails compiling criminal records, commercial records, financial records, and the history of employment of a job applicant to ascertain the integrity of the candidate before hiring.
Federal and state laws prohibit discrimination in employment background checks and do not allow companies to decline employment offers based on sex, race, color, religion, national origin, age, or disability considerations, unless such characteristics of the candidate are essential to do the job.
Much federal and state legislation prohibits discrimination in employment background checks, with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), and with the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) as the major federal legislation that concerns the subject. Title VII prohibits intentional discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
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