4. Innate Social Hostility as a Contributing Factor to Antagonistic Behavior
One must recognize the theory about hostility--that it’s not a simple response instinct but an innate driving force already keyed-in as part of the brain’s function. It's important to understand that man originally came from natural surroundings that required the species to develop survival skills. Other theories explore excessive violent tendencies and their association to brain trauma suffered from birth, head injury or tumor.
Certain neurotransmitters are said to affect an individual’s sensitivity to aggression-stimulants, which explains why some are quicker to react negatively. The propensity to violence possessed by the brain is aggravated by an individual’s exposure to elements of danger, injustice or brutality. Accordingly, social hostility is said to be innate but is manifested in different degrees. Its development depends on the overload of interactions, which shape and mold a personality trait for offensive aggression.
Hence employers and HR managers should take note of multiple circumstances that can make an individual more prone to manifesting a heightened degree of hostility over others. Their presence in a single background or history should be carefully assessed. These include but are not limited to:
- Upbringing in an environment where one who wields power has the advantage to enforce his will or force others to relinquish theirs.
- Exposure to role models in social groups, in which individuals who reap rewards and admiration are those that make use of violence to forge a leadership status.
- Viciousness validated as the developing mind becomes more exposed to brutality and forcefulness in:
(1) Television and different media content, including virtual interactive games.
(2) Unjust punishments received as parental disciplinary actions.
(3) Peer pressure, as a condition for group acceptance.
(4) Low self-esteem that develops into a rule-breaking behavior in order to hurdle challenges.
(5) Living conditions like domestic violence, overcrowding, food shortage, territorial or turf wars and other cognitive processes that make violence the primary influential factor.
The presence of one or two elements during the growing-up stage does not necessarily make the individual socially hostile by nature; but a trail of personal history which repeatedly leads to these same conditions creates a likely potential.
As a recap, it can be surmised that the contributing factors to hostility in the workplace, arising from various methodologies, problems, and practices, can be scientifically managed and maintained at tolerable levels--that is, if the ills of an unhealthy workplace, like those presented, are given ample considerations.