What is Maslow's Theory of Motivation?
To understand how to apply the theory of motivation, you first need to know what steps are involved. There are five needs to Maslow's hierarchy, beginning with a lower tiered point and then moving upwards. These needs are -
Physiological - the basic survival skills, such as food, water, and shelter
Safety - the feeling of security in both home and work
Social - the need to feel loved, accepted, and a part of a group
Esteem - being recognized and acknowledged from others, as well as having self-respect, status, and a sense of importance
Self-actualization - the need to develop to one's fullest potential
The theory is that when a person fulfills one need, another of the higher level needs emerge and motivates that person to fulfill thenew need that has emerged.
Applying Maslow's Theory
In corporations, Maslow's theory is applied to the employees of that business. In a home office, the theory can also be applied, though perhaps in a different way than that of someone who commutes to work. The needs for both a commuter and a home office worker are the same, just placed in a difference context.
For instance, both workers would need to meet the first need of physiological of having food, water, and shelter. If both are receiving income from their prospective employments, these needs are met, even if the income only goes to these three things. The same is true for the second need of safety - if both workers feel safe within their homes and their work, they move on to the third need. For home office workers, this second need may be the easiest to achieve, as they are secure in both their home and their work, by living and doing what they have always wanted.
The third need, that of social, is probably a home worker's hardest achievable need. For some home office workers, they may not or will not have a staff or co-workers in which to interact, leaving this third need unfulfilled. Worse, if a home office worker doesn't feel any motivation to seek out social interactions, they will not be motivated to reach that fourth need. In this case, it is important that home office workers spend time outside of the house, speaking with family, friends, or neighbors. There are several ways in which to be on the road and yet still be able to work.