Benefits and Implementation
The main aim of ergonomics is to help reduce injuries and occupational hazards while concentrating on how to make people enjoy their work. If the employees feel comfortable at their workplace, absenteeism and frequent breaks go down. Reduced hazards bring down the medical expenses while a healthy environment reduces chances of managers and employees turning in sick. All these contribute to enhanced throughput of the business.
The first step towards a healthy and comfortable workplace is to study the current risks: tools being used, location of the office, atmosphere in the office (too congested, cluttered, and air circulation), the seating of employees (example: keyboard to palm ratio and backrest while typing or writing); managing workflow (to reduce stress); and much more.
Once these risks are identified, one has to work out on a plan that corrects or reduces the risks that affect employees in both long term and short term. Normally, this assessment is done by professionals in the field of workplace ergonomics. These professionals carry degrees or diplomas in the field of ergonomics.
Several universities across the US offer small term courses in ergonomics so that even managers can attend these courses. Apart from university courses, there are seminars on workplace ergonomics that help a manager in implementing more comfortable and healthy working conditions. One can also find several books on workplace ergonomics from recognized societies such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
ISO on Workplace Ergonomics
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) based at US has several recommendations for healthy and comfortable workplace. These recommendations include everything from comfortable atmosphere to computer related work. The ISO standards for computer related work are documented under ISO 9241.