(2) Specificity or Exactness
In goal setting, there should be a clear definition of what you want to achieve and why you perform the tasks that you do or have to do. You know that they are a means to attain an ambition or a target, but motivations should not be muddled with the concept of incentives. The latter tends to be applicable for short-term goals.
As an example, let's consider a student who’s pursuing a four-year college degree and has set his sights on a certain career because of its high-paying opportunities. He perceives that landing a job in that particular career field is his ultimate goal.
But what if the job market becomes saturated with aspirants, so much so that its viability as a lucrative job decreases? Will you still be motivated if you are that student?
In analyzing the motivations that drive the student to finish his college degree, his underlying motive is actually geared at realizing economic or financial benefits and not the career or job position itself. By being clear that your real objective is to improve your financial conditions, you will naturally explore other employment opportunities available.
For as long as you exert best efforts to acquire and master the learning disciplines of your college course, it becomes clear that attaining a lucrative occupation is always possible. By becoming an employee who possesses the potentials and credentials for career advancements, the positive results will include salary increases.