The new laws have resulted in a crackdown of commercial copyright infringers.
Among the earliest and most famous cases of conviction for copyright infringement related to the internet is Napster, the music-sharing website. In 2002, the company had to close down its website, offer apologies, and pay penalties for copyright infringement to the tune of US$26 million to various recording companies and songwriters.
In 2006, EliteTorrents.com, one P2P site that used to distribute movies before their official release, received the first criminal conviction for copyright infringement. In 2006, its owner, Daniel Dove, received conviction on charges of conspiracy and felony copyright infringement.
Other offenders have received fines and prison terms, apart from forfeiting equipment such as laptops, cameras, tapes, and other equipment. The most common penalties include five years in prison, three years of supervised release, and a maximum fine of $250,000 for each offense.
Recent court verdicts limit the penalties for copyright infringement to the actual infringer. In May 2010, the US District Court of California ruled RapidShare, the popular file-hosting service, as not guilty of copyright infringement by holding RapidShare as not liable for acts of copyright infringement committed by its users.