The Changes and Their Impact
The said principles had been formulated based on conditions that are similar to those existing in today’s current state of economic affairs. However, a century has passed, but we are nowhere at the height of prosperity envisioned by F.W.Taylor since the levels of poverty and unemployment are still high.
It is not that Taylor was incorrect with his scientific observations and conclusions but that workforce productivity is only a part of the improvements necessary for a business to run efficiently.
Actually, the “Efficiency Movement" was only a part of a much larger movement known as the “Era of Progressivism." It was a time when professionals, mostly scientific practitioners, banded together to push for political, economic and social reforms based on their deductive and inductive inferences.
During the early years of its introduction, a large number of companies pioneered the adoption of scientific management. Bear in mind, however, that this was still a time in America’s history when labor problems were still prevalent due to political corruptions and corporate excesses. Hence, there were still obstructions and oppositionists to the full implementation of F.W. Taylor’s scientific school of thought for achieving workforce productivity.
Nevertheless, some companies began performing time and motion studies by breaking down tasks into smaller portions. Each task was observed and placed under several experiments to determine the time it would take to produce a particular work segment with the best results.
The outputs were measured as to quality and quantity in order to establish a standard that is commensurate to the best time possible. The experiments were then repeated until a specific measure of quality, quantity of output and the length of time could be established as standards.
Moreover, the experiments were conducted using different conditions or elements to enhance the worker’s capabilities. Compensation schemes were subsequently based on piece rates as a means to motivate the worker into producing more, although with the condition that their outputs should meet the standards.