Fiber Optics and Satellite
Fiber optic cable allows for amazing speeds that will accommodate the most the demanding bandwidth requirements. Since data is transmitted through laser pulses, the distance the information travels becomes almost irrelevant. This allows for download transfer speeds of 10 Mbps for basic service up to an astounding 50 Mbps for premium packages. Additionally, unlike cable or DSL, fiber optic systems have upload speeds of 20 Mbps, substantially faster than competing technologies.
The only significant disadvantage of using fiber optic cable for broadband is the cost and availability. Infrastructure is currently limited and expensive to install, and as a result the accessibility of service is restricted. A smaller base of subscribers requires providers to charge a premium for the service with high-end packages costing as much as $140 per month.
Perhaps the only appealing aspect of satellite broadband is its universal availability. Extreme remote and rural areas that do not have access to other broadband options can utilize a satellite connection to access the internet at reasonable speeds.
Unfortunately, satellite internet is the slowest of the different services. When a subscriber sends a request for a download, the signal must travel 22,300 miles to a satellite and an equal distance back to the service provider where it is finally routed to the subscriber. This 89,200 mile trip creates significant latency and delay. Satellite can deliver speeds up to 3 Mbps which is vastly superior to dial up but slower than all of the hard wired systems